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DreamWorks Pictures
, also known as DreamWorks, LLC, DreamWorks SKG, DreamWorks Studios or DW Studios, LLC, is an American film studio which develops, produces, and distributes films, video games and television programming. It has produced or distributed more than ten films with box-office grosses totalling more than $100 million each.

DreamWorks began in 1994 as an ambitious attempt by media moguls Steven Spielberg, Jeffrey Katzenberg and David Geffen (forming the SKG present on the bottom of the DreamWorks logo) to create a new Hollywood studio of which they own 72%. In December 2005, the founders agreed to sell the studio to Viacom, parent of Paramount Pictures. The sale was completed in February 2006. In 2008, DreamWorks announced its intention to end its partnership with Paramount and signed a $1.5 billion deal to produce films with India's Reliance ADA Group. Reliance provided $325M of equity to fund recreating Steven Spielberg's DreamWorks studio as an independent entity. Clark Hallren, former Managing Director of the Entertainment Industries group of J.P. Morgan Securities and Alan J. Levine of J.P. Morgan Entertainment Advisors led the Reliance team in structuring the capital and business plan for the company. The movie studio's distribution is 50% owned by Reliance which is led by Anil Ambani.

DreamWorks' animation arm was spun off in 2004 into DreamWorks Animation SKG. Its films were distributed worldwide by Paramount, but the animation studio remained independent of Paramount/Viacom.

History Edit

The company was founded following Katzenberg's resignation from The Walt Disney Company in 1994. At the suggestion of a friend of Spielberg, the two made an agreement with long-time Katzenberg collaborator David Geffen to start their own studio. The studio was officially founded on October 12, 1994 with financial backing of $33 million from each of the three main partners and $500 million from Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen.

In 1998, The United States 9th Circuit of Appeals upheld a lawsuit against DreamWorks for violating the copyright of Dreamworks, a company specializing in Star Trek Conventions.

In 1998, DreamWorks released its first full-length animated feature, Antz.

In 1999, 2000 and 2001, DreamWorks won three consecutive Academy Awards for Best Picture for American Beauty, Gladiator and A Beautiful Mind (the later two with Universal).

DreamWorks Interactive is a computer and video game developer founded in 1995, as a subsidiary of DreamWorks SKG. On February 24, 2000, Electronic Arts announced the acquisition of DreamWorks Interactive from DreamWorks and merged it with EA Pacific and Westwood Studios. DreamWorks Interactive became EA Los Angeles (EALA).

DreamWorks Records is the company's record label, the first project of which was George Michael's Older album. The first band signed to this label was the "eels" who released their debut album "Beautiful Freak" in 1997. Although the record company never lived up to expectations, and was sold in October 2003 to Universal Music Group, which operated the label as DreamWorks Nashville. That label was shut down in 2005 when its flagship artist, Toby Keith, departed to form his own label.

The studio has had its greatest financial success with movies, specifically animated movies. DreamWorks Animation teamed up with Pacific Data Images (now known as PDI/DreamWorks) in 1996, emerging as the main competitor to Pixar in the age of computer-generated animation and one of the few competitors to Disney in creating traditionally animated feature films. DreamWorks Animation has produced some of the highest grossing animated hits of all time, such as Antz (1998), Shrek (2001), its sequels Shrek 2 (2004), Shrek the Third (2007) and Shrek Forever After (2010); Spirit: Stallion of the Cimarron (2002), Madagascar (2005), its sequel, Madagascar: Escape 2 Africa (2008), Over the Hedge (2006), Flushed Away (2006), Bee Movie (2007), Kung Fu Panda (2008), Monsters Vs. Aliens (2009), How to Train Your Dragon (2010), and Megamind (2010). Based on the films' success, DreamWorks Animation has spun off as its own publicly traded company.

In recent years, DreamWorks has scaled back. It stopped plans to build a high-tech studio, sold its music division, and has only produced a few television series, Las Vegas, Carpoolers and On the Lot, for example.

David Geffen admitted that DreamWorks had come close to bankruptcy twice. Under Katzenberg's watch, the studio suffered a $125 million loss on Sinbad: Legend of the Seven Seas, and also overestimated the DVD demand for Shrek 2. In 2005, out of their two large budget pictures, The Island bombed at the domestic box office, while War of the Worlds was produced as a joint effort with Paramount which was the first to reap the profits.

In December 2005, Viacom's Paramount Pictures agreed to purchase the live-action studio. The deal was valued at approximately $1.6 billion, an amount that included about $400 million in debt assumptions. The company completed its acquisition on February 1, 2006.

On March 17, 2006, Paramount agreed to sell a controlling interest in the DreamWorks live-action library (pre-09/16/2005; DW Funding, LLC) to Soros Strategic Partners and Dune Entertainment II. The film library is valued at $900 million. Paramount retained the worldwide distribution rights to these films, as well as various ancillary rights, including music publishing, sequels and merchandising. This includes films that had been made by Paramount and DreamWorks (the music publishing rights were later licensed to Sony-ATV Music Publishing when that company acquired Paramount's Famous Music subdivision). The sale was completed on May 8, 2006.

On March 12, 2007, DreamWorks Animation announced it would release all of its films, beginning with Monsters vs. Aliens (2009), in stereoscopic 3D.

In June 2008, Variety reported that DreamWorks was looking for financing that would allow it to continue operations as an independent production company once its deal with Paramount ended later in the year. Most of the backing would come from an Indian investment firm called Reliance ADA Group. The DreamWorks trademarks are owned by DreamWorks Animation and the new company would need their approval to use the trademarks. In September 2008, it was reported by Variety that Dreamworks closed a deal with Reliance to create a stand-alone production company and end its ties to Paramount.

On February 9, 2009, DreamWorks entered into a long-term, 30-picture distribution deal with the Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures by which the films will be released through the Touchstone Pictures banner over the next five years. The deal came after negotiations broke off with Universal Pictures just days earlier.[1] However, this deal does not include Indian rights, which will be handled by Reliance, nor does it include DreamWorks Animation, whose films will still be distributed by Paramount through to late 2012. Also not included are sequels to live-action films released before the Paramount merger, or those released by Paramount themselves – Paramount retains the rights to these franchises, and one such sequel, Little Fockers, was released by Paramount internationally in December 2010 (Universal owns domestic rights).

Edit

The DreamWorks logo features a young boy sitting on a crescent moon while fishing. The general idea for the logo was the brainchild of company co-founder Steven Spielberg, who originally wanted a computer-generated image, whereas Visual Effects Supervisor Dennis Muren, of Industrial Light and Magic suggested a hand-painted one. Muren then contacted a friend and fellow artist, Robert Hunt, to paint it. Hunt worked on both versions, for each of which his son William was cast as the model for the boy, and Spielberg liked the CGI one better. The music accompanying the logo to start live-action DreamWorks movies was specially composed by John Williams (although a number of DreamWorks films, such as Galaxy Quest and Saving Private Ryan, omit the music); the DreamWorks Animation logo has music from the Harry Gregson-Williams/John Powell score for Shrek. The main logo shows the scene at night, while the DreamWorks Animation logo shows it during the day. The "Night" Logo is Dark Blue.

The DreamWorks fanfare has been sampled for the intro to Kid Cudi's remix album, A Kid Named Cudi.

The logo attached to feature films was made at ILM based on paintings by Hunt, in collaboration with Kaleidoscope Films, Dave Carson and Clint Goldman.

Distribution Edit

Currently, United International Pictures, a joint venture of Paramount and Universal, has the rights to release DreamWorks' films internationally (except South Korea), and will also handle releases from the new DreamWorks. The broadcast and basic subscription cable television rights to many DreamWorks films are owned by Disney-ABC International Television. Ironically, ABC (along with Pixar) is owned by Disney, with which Katzenberg had a falling out. In South Korea, CJ Entertainment has the rights to release all DreamWorks' films, except some co-productions (for example, Minority Report was distributed by Fox, and The Island by Warner Bros., due to these studios having owned the international rights to these films).

Awards Edit

Edwin R. Leonard, CTO of DreamWorks Animation, won a special achievement award at the 2008 Annies for driving their innovative work with Open Source Software and Linux.

Filmography Edit

For animated films, see DreamWorks Animation

Universal Pictures/DreamWorks Distribution (1997-2005) Edit

First film library spun off in DW Funding LLC and controlling interest sold to Soros Strategic Partners LP and Dune Entertainment II LLC. In February 2010, Viacom acquired the Soros stake. (The sale only included films released through December 28, 2005, the latest film in the package being Match Point.) All animated films are currently owned by Universal Pictures via its acquisition of DreamWorks Animation which was spun off from DreamWorks in 2004 as a publicly traded company until 2016. And a majority of films that were co-produced by both DreamWorks and its sister studio Amblin Entertainment are now co-owned by both Paramount and Amblin Partners (The owner of both the DreamWorks and Amblin banners).

Title Release Date Notes
The Peacemaker September 26, 1997 First film to be released
Amistad December 10, 1997 co-production with HBO Pictures

Nominated - Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture – Drama

MouseHunt December 19, 1997
Paulie April 17, 1998 co-production with Mutual Film Company
Deep Impact May 8, 1998 co-production with Paramount Pictures
Small Soldiers July 10, 1998 co-production with Universal Pictures and Amblin Entertainment
Saving Private Ryan July 24, 1998 co-production with Paramount Pictures, Amblin Entertainment and Mutual Film Company

BAFTA Award for Best Film

Critics' Choice Movie Award for Best Picture

Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture – Drama

Nominated - Academy Award for Best Picture

Antz October 2, 1998 co-production with Pacific Data Images

DreamWorks' first computer animated feature film

The Prince of Egypt December 18, 1998 co-production with 20th Century Fox

DreamWorks' first traditionally animated feature film

In Dreams January 15, 1999 co-production with Amblin Entertainment
Forces of Nature March 19, 1999
The Love Letter May 21, 1999
The Haunting July 23, 1999
American Beauty October 1, 1999 Academy Award for Best Picture

BAFTA Award for Best Film

Critics' Choice Movie Award for Best Picture

Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture – Drama

Galaxy Quest December 25, 1999
The Road to El Dorado March 31, 2000
Gladiator May 5, 2000 co-production with Universal Pictures and Scott Free ProductionsAcademy Award for Best Picture

BAFTA Award for Best Film

Critics' Choice Movie Award for Best Picture

Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture – Drama

Road Trip May 19, 2000 co-production with The Montecito Picture Company
Small Time Crooks May 19, 2000
Chicken Run June 23, 2000 co-production with Pathé and Aardman AnimationsNominated - Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy

DreamWorks' first stop-motion animated feature film

What Lies Beneath July 21, 2000 co-production with 20th Century Fox and ImageMovers
Almost Famous September 13, 2000 co-production with Columbia Pictures and Vinyl Films

Nominated - BAFTA Award for Best Film

Nominated - Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy

Meet the Parents October 6, 2000 co-production with Universal Pictures
The Contender October 13, 2000 co-production with Cinerenta Medienbeteiligungs KG
The Legend of Bagger Vance November 3, 2000 co-production with 20th Century Fox and Allied Filmmakers
Cast Away December 7, 2000 co-production with 20th Century Fox and ImageMovers
An Everlasting Piece December 25, 2000 co-production with Columbia Pictures
The Mexican March 2, 2001 co-production with Newmarket Films
Shrek May 18, 2001 co-production with Pacific Data Images

First winner of the Academy Award for Best Animated Feature

Nominated - BAFTA Award for Best Film

Nominated - Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy

Evolution June 8, 2001 co-production with Columbia Pictures and The Montecito Picture Company
A.I. Artificial Intelligence June 26, 2001 co-production with Warner Bros. and Amblin Entertainment
The Curse of the Jade Scorpion August 24, 2001 in association with VCL Communications GmbH
The Last Castle October 19, 2001
The Make Big Thing November 9, 2001 co-production with Columbia Pictures and The Montecito Picture Company
A Beautiful Mind December 21, 2001 co-production with Universal Pictures and Imagine EntertainmentAcademy Award for Best Picture

Critics' Choice Movie Award for Best Picture

Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture – Drama

Nominated - BAFTA Award for Best Film

The Time Machine March 8, 2002 co-production with Warner Bros.
Hollywood Ending May 3, 2002
Spirit: Stallion of the Cimarron May 24, 2002 co-production with 20th Century Fox

Nominee for the Academy Award for Best Animated Feature

Minority Report June 21, 2002 co-production with 20th Century Fox and Amblin Entertainment
Road to Perdition July 12, 2002 co-production with 20th Century FoxNominated - Critics' Choice Movie Award for Best Picture
The Tuxedo September 27, 2002
The Ring October 18, 2002
Catch Me If You Can December 25, 2002 co-production with Amblin EntertainmentNominated - Critics' Choice Movie Award for Best Picture
Biker Boyz January 31, 2003
Old School February 21, 2003
Head of State March 28, 2003
Sinbad: Legend of the Seven Seas July 22, 2003
Seabiscuit July 25, 2003 co-production with Universal Pictures, Touchstone Pictures, Spyglass Entertainment and The Kennedy/Marshall Company
Anything Else September 19, 2003 co-production with Hyde Park Entertainment
The Cat in the Hat November 21, 2003 co-production with Universal Pictures and Imagine Entertainment
House of Sand and Fog December 19, 2003 co-production with Cobalt Media Group
Paycheck December 25, 2003 co-production with Paramount Pictures
Win a Date with Tad Hamilton! January 23, 2004
Eurotrip February 20, 2004
Envy April 30, 2004 co-production with Columbia Pictures and Castle Rock Entertainment
Shrek 2 May 19, 2004 co-production with DreamWorks Animation and Pacific Data Images

Nominated - Academy Award for Best Animated Feature

The Stepford Wives June 11, 2004 co-production with Paramount Pictures
The Terminal June 18, 2004 co-production with Amblin Entertainment
Anchorman: The Legend of Ron Burgundy July 9, 2004
Collateral August 6, 2004 co-production with Paramount Pictures
Surviving Christmas October 22, 2004
Lemony Snicket's A Series of Unfortunate Events December 17, 2004 co-production with Paramount Pictures and Nickelodeon Movies
Meet the Fockers December 22, 2004 co-production with Universal Pictures
The Ring Two March 18, 2005
War of the Worlds June 29, 2005 co-production with Paramount Pictures and Amblin Entertainment
The Island July 22, 2005 co-production with Warner Bros.
Red Eye August 19, 2005
Just Like Heaven September 16, 2005
Wallace & Gromit: The Curse of the Were-Rabbit October 7, 2005 co-production with DreamWorks Animation and Aardman Animations

Last DreamWorks Animation film to be distributed by DreamWorks Pictures

The Prize Winner of Defiance, Ohio October 14, 2005
Dreamer October 21, 2005
Memoirs of a Geisha December 23, 2005 studio credit only; co-production with Columbia Pictures, Spyglass Entertainment, Amblin Entertainment and Red Wagon Productions
Munich December 23, 2005 co-production with Universal Studios, Amblin Entertainment and The Kennedy/Marshall Company
Match Point December 28, 2005 USA distribution only; co-production with BBC Films

Nominated - Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture – Drama

DreamWorks Pictures/Paramount Pictures (2006-2010) Edit

Title Release Date Notes
The Last Kiss September 15, 2006 US distribution only, produced by Lakeshore Entertainment
Flags of Our Fathers October 20, 2006 co-production with Warner Bros. and Amblin Entertainment
Dreamgirls December 15, 2006 co-production with Paramount Pictures
Letters from Iwo Jima December 20, 2006 co-production with Warner Bros. and Amblin Entertainment
Perfume: The Story of a Murderer December 27, 2006 US distribution only, produced by Constantin Film
Norbit February 8, 2007
Blades of Glory March 30, 2007 co-production with MTV Films and Red Hour Films
Disturbia April 13, 2007 co-production with The Montecito Picture Company
Transformers July 2, 2007 co-production with Paramount Pictures and Hasbro
The Heartbreak Kid October 5, 2007
Things We Lost in the Fire October 19, 2007
The Kite Runner December 14, 2007 co-production with Sidney Kimmel Entertainment and Participant Productions; distributed by Paramount Classics
Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street December 21, 2007 co-production with Warner Bros., Parkes/MacDonald Productions and The Zanuck Company
The Ruins April 4, 2008 co-production with Spyglass Entertainment and Red Hour Films
Tropic Thunder August 8, 2008 co-production with Red Hour Films
Ghost Town September 19, 2008 co-production with Spyglass Entertainment
Eagle Eye September 26, 2008
Revolutionary Road December 26, 2008 co-production with BBC Films and Paramount Vantage
Hotel for Dogs January 16, 2009 co-production with Nickelodeon Movies
The Uninvited January 30, 2009 co-production with Cold Spring Pictures, Parkes/MacDonald Productions, The Monecito Picture Company and Vertigo Entertainment
I Love You, Man March 20, 2009 co-production with The Montecito Picture Company
The Soloist April 24, 2009 co-production with Universal Studios, StudioCanal, Participant Media, Between Two Trees, Working Title Films and Krasnoff/Foster Entertainment
The Brothers Bloom May 15, 2009 co-production with Walt Disney Pictures and Summit Entertainment
Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen June 24, 2009 co-production with Paramount Pictures and Hasbro
Paranormal Activity September 25, 2009 co-production with Paramount Pictures
The Lovely Bones December 11, 2009 (premiere)
January 15, 2010 (wide)
co-production with Paramount Pictures, FilmFour and Wingnut Films
She's Out of My League March 12, 2010 co-production with Paramount Pictures and Mosaic Media Group
Dinner for Schmucks July 30, 2010 co-production with Paramount Pictures, Spyglass Entertainment, Parkes/MacDonald Productions and Everyman Pictures
Going the Distance September 10, 2010 co-production with Walt Disney Pictures, Warner Bros. Pictures, New Line Cinema, Summit Entertainment and Offspring Entertainment
Little Fockers December 22, 2010 produced with Relativity Media, TriBeCa Productions and Everyman Pictures

DreamWorks Studios/Reliance ADA Group (2011-2017) Edit

Title Release Date Notes
I Am Number Four February 18, 2011 part of the 30-picture distribution deal with Touchstone Pictures
co-production with Bay Films and Reliance BIG Films
Cowboys & Aliens July 29, 2011 distributed by Universal Pictures; co-production with Reliance Entertainment, Relativity Media, Imagine Entertainment, Fairview Entertainment and Platinum Studios
The Help August 12, 2011 distributed by Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures; co-production with Reliance Entertainment, Participant Media, Imagination Abu Dhabi, 1492 Pictures and Harbinger Pictures

Nominee of the Academy Award for Best Picture

Fright Night August 19, 2011 part of the 30-picture distribution deal with Touchstone Pictures
co-production with Film4 and Wild Bunch
What's Your Number? September 30, 2011 distributed by Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures; co-production with 20th Century Fox, Warner Bros. Pictures, Reliance Entertainment, Regency Enterprises, Legendary Pictures and Constellation Films
Real Steel October 7, 2011 part of the 30-picture distribution deal with Touchstone Pictures
co-production with ImageMovers
War Horse December 25, 2011 part of the 30-picture distribution deal with Touchstone Pictures
co-production with Shochiku, Amblin Entertainment and The Kennedy/Marshall Company
The Lone Ranger July 3, 2013 distributed by Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures; co-production with Reliance Entertainment, Jerry Bruckheimer Films, Amblin Entertainment, Blind Wink Productions and Infinitum Nihil
The Fifth Estate October 18, 2013 distributed by Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures; co-production with Reliance Entertainment, Participant Media and Anonymous Content
The Other Woman April 25, 2014 distributed by Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures; co-production with 20th Century Fox, Reliance Entertainment, Village Roadshow Pictures and Spyglass Entertainment

DreamWorks Pictures/Amblin Partners (2016-present) Edit

2018 Edit

  1. On Chesil Beach (May 18, 2018) (released by Go Fish Pictures; co-production with Bleecker Street; produced in UK by BBC Films)
  2. Action Point (June 1, 2018) (distribution only; co-production with Paramount Pictures and Geffen Pictures)
  3. Colette (September 21, 2018) (distribution only; co-production with Lionsgate, Bleecker Street and Bold Films)
  4. The House with a Clock in its Walls (September 21, 2018) (distributed by Universal Pictures; co-production with Amblin Entertainment and Mythology Entertainment)
  5. Instant Family (November 16, 2018) (distribution only; co-production with Paramount Pictures)
  6. Bumblebee (December 21, 2018) (distribution only; co-production with Paramount Pictures, Amblin Entertainment, Platinum Dunes, Tencent Pictures and Allspark Pictures)
  7. Welcome to Marwen (December 21, 2018) (distributed by Universal Pictures; co-production with Perfect World Pictures and ImageMovers)

2019 Edit

  1. The Princess and the Frog (Ben 10 Cinematic Universe and 10th Anniversary Edition) (December 13, 2019) (re-release) (distributed by Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures; co-production with Reliance Entertainment; in collaboration with Cartoon Network Studios, Man of Action Entertainment, Mirage Studios, TMS Entertainment, DC Comics, Santo Domingo Animation, Ithrax Producciones, Sunwoo Entertainment, Shin-Ei Animation, The Curiosity Company, Mercury Filmworks, Toei Animation and Youngheart Productions; produced in China by Warner China Film; produced in Brazil by Globo Filmes)

2020 Edit

  1. Pokémon: Lucario and the Mystery of Mew (July 24, 2020) (distributed by Warner Bros. Pictures; released by Go Fish Pictures; co-production with Atlantic Releasing Corporation, Threshold Entertainment, Nintendo Films and 4K Media Inc.; produced in Japan by Toho and OLM, Inc.)

TV series and specials Edit

See also: DreamWorks Television

Musical artists Edit

See also: DreamWorks Records

Computer and video games Edit

See also: EA Los Angeles

Animations Edit

See also: DreamWorks Animation

References Edit

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